This website showcases projects and reflection papers of students from Ateneo de Manila University who took the elective Memory and Martial Law. It aims to promote awareness to the future generations with the reality of Martial Law in the Philippines, and remember what is not meant to be forgotten. Martial Law era was the time when humans were not dignified, rights were violated, media was controlled, and money was plundered systematically. It allowed Ferdinand Marcos, his wife Imelda, and his cronies to rule over the country for more than two decades - doing anything just to keep them in power. 'Never Again' should we allow another Martial Law era to happen. 'Never Again' will we let our rights, our freedom, and our democracy to be taken away from us. This we can do only by remembering, and never forgetting what they have done to us.

  • Marcos Elected as President

    November 19, 1965

    After an illustrious career as a congressman and a senator, Ferdinand Marcos wins the presidency in 1965, beating then incumbent President Diosdado Macapagal (father of ex-President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo).

  • Marcos reelected for second term

    November 11, 1969

    Marcos is reelected as president, becoming the first Filipino president to win a second term.

  • First Quarter Storm

    January 1, 1970

    Youth leaders and members of leftist groups lead a series of protests and marches against the government between January and March 1970, referred to as the "First Quarter Storm." Many believe that the violent demonstrations showing public disapproval of the administration is one of the factors that led President Marcos to declare Martial Law in 1972.

  • Plaza Miranda Bombing

    August 21, 1971

    Nine die and over 90 people are injured in a grenade blast at Plaza Miranda in Quiapo, Manila during a LIberal Party political campaign rally. Among those injured are Senator Jovito Salonga, Senator Eva Estrada-Kalaw, and Liberal Party President Gerardo Roxas. Among those conspicuously absent was Liberal Party leader Senator Ninoy Aquino.

  • Writ of habeas corpus suspended

    August 23, 1971

    Two days after the Plaza Miranda bombing, President Marcos suspends the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus, a legal action that requires a person under arrest to be brought into court.

  • Marcos signs Proclamation 1081

    September 22, 1972

    Marcos calls the ambush on Enrile "the last straw" and signs Proclamation 1081, which places the entire country under Martial Law.

  • Marcos adopts a new constitution and consolidates his hold on power beyond

    January 1, 1973

    Marcos ratifies the 1973 Constitution through Proclamation 1102, allowing him to stay in office.

  • Conjugal Dictatorship

    January 1, 1976

    Former Marcos aide Primitivo Mijares publishes the book "The Conjugal Dictatorship of Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos" in the US, revealing confidential information about the First Couple. Mijares later mysteriously disappears.

  • New Republic Inaugurated

    January 17, 1981

    Marcos issues a proclamation terminating the state of Martial Law and inaugurates what is called the "New Republic." Although Martial Law was lifted, there were not many changes under the "New Republic" and Marcos continued to hold most of the power in the country.


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