This website showcases projects and reflection papers of students from Ateneo de Manila University who took the elective Memory and Martial Law. It aims to promote awareness to the future generations with the reality of Martial Law in the Philippines, and remember what is not meant to be forgotten. Martial Law era was the time when humans were not dignified, rights were violated, media was controlled, and money was plundered systematically. It allowed Ferdinand Marcos, his wife Imelda, and his cronies to rule over the country for more than two decades - doing anything just to keep them in power. 'Never Again' should we allow another Martial Law era to happen. 'Never Again' will we let our rights, our freedom, and our democracy to be taken away from us. This we can do only by remembering, and never forgetting what they have done to us.
November 19, 1965
After an illustrious career as a congressman and a senator, Ferdinand Marcos wins the presidency in 1965, beating then incumbent President Diosdado Macapagal (father of ex-President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo).
November 11, 1969
Marcos is reelected as president, becoming the first Filipino president to win a second term.
January 1, 1970
Youth leaders and members of leftist groups lead a series of protests and marches against the government between January and March 1970, referred to as the "First Quarter Storm." Many believe that the violent demonstrations showing public disapproval of the administration is one of the factors that led President Marcos to declare Martial Law in 1972.
August 21, 1971
Nine die and over 90 people are injured in a grenade blast at Plaza Miranda in Quiapo, Manila during a LIberal Party political campaign rally. Among those injured are Senator Jovito Salonga, Senator Eva Estrada-Kalaw, and Liberal Party President Gerardo Roxas. Among those conspicuously absent was Liberal Party leader Senator Ninoy Aquino.
August 23, 1971
Two days after the Plaza Miranda bombing, President Marcos suspends the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus, a legal action that requires a person under arrest to be brought into court.
September 22, 1972
Marcos calls the ambush on Enrile "the last straw" and signs Proclamation 1081, which places the entire country under Martial Law.
January 1, 1973
Marcos ratifies the 1973 Constitution through Proclamation 1102, allowing him to stay in office.
January 1, 1976
Former Marcos aide Primitivo Mijares publishes the book "The Conjugal Dictatorship of Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos" in the US, revealing confidential information about the First Couple. Mijares later mysteriously disappears.
January 17, 1981
Marcos issues a proclamation terminating the state of Martial Law and inaugurates what is called the "New Republic." Although Martial Law was lifted, there were not many changes under the "New Republic" and Marcos continued to hold most of the power in the country.